Inconsistencies with the Lone Gunman Theory
Among the files released by the Assassination Records Review Board (ARRB) was an FBI evidence envelope (FBI Field Office Dallas 89-43-1A-122). Although the envelope was empty, the cover indicated it had contained a 7.65 mm rifle shell that had been found in Dealey Plaza after the shooting. The envelope is dated December 2,1963.
Other documents released by the ARRB discuss a Johnson semi-automatic 30.06 rifle that was apparently found in Dealey Plaza soon after the shooting. The documents strongly link this rifle to two men who have long been suspected of being involved in the assassination plot, Loran Hall and Jerry Patrick Hemming. This rifle was used in CIA-connected anti-Castro raids in Cuba. Loran Hall and an unidentified Hispanic man took the weapon about a week before the assassination. Hall’s associate, Jerry Hemming, is known to have been in Dallas on the day of the shooting, and Hall himself told Hathcock, the CA owner of the rifle, five days prior to the assassination that he had to catch a flight to Dallas (HSCA 180-10107-10440).
In 1975 a maintenance man named Morgan, while working on the roof of the County Records Building in Dealey Plaza, found a 30.06 shell casing lying under a lip of roofing tar at the base of the roof’s parapet on the side facing the plaza, according to his son, Dean Morgan. The shell casing is dated 1953 and marks on it indicate it was made at the Twin Cities Arsenal. One side of the casing has been pitted by exposure to the weather, suggesting that it was exposed on the roof for some time. The casing, which is still in Morgan’s possession, has an odd crimp around its neck (Marrs 317; Roberts 80-81).
A bullet apparently struck the south Main Street curb in Dealey Plaza during the shooting. It landed about 25 feet from James Tague (who was cut on the face by a concrete fragment), who was standing next to the triple underpass. The bullet made a visible scar in the curb, and the mark was immediately recognized by those who saw it as a fresh bullet mark.
Dallas policeman J. W. Foster, who was positioned on top of the triple underpass, saw a bullet strike the grass on the south side of Elm Street near a manhole cover, about 350 feet from the TSBD. He reported this to a superior officer and was instructed to guard the area (Shaw and Harris 72-75; Marrs 315).
An unidentified blond-haired man in a suit was photographed bending down, reaching out his left hand toward the dug-out point on the ground as if to pick up something, standing back up, apparently holding a small object in his hand, and then putting his hand in his pocket (Shaw and Harris 73-74). The hole made by the bullet was even photographed, and the picture appeared in the Fort Worth Star-Telegram on 11/23/63. Contemporary press accounts reported that a bullet was retrieved from the dug-out hole in the grass near the manhole cover (Fort Worth Star-Telegram and Dallas Times Herald).
In the photos taken of this event, one can see Officer Foster and a civilian-clothed Deputy Sheriff Buddy Walthers standing over the spot where the bullet landed, along with the unidentified man in the suit. Dallas police chief Jesse Curry believed the man was an FBI agent. The identity of the blond-haired man is unknown, the recovered bullet was never entered into evidence, and its present whereabouts are not known.
Officer Foster also reported that a bullet struck the concrete part of the above-mentioned manhole cover (near where the bullet struck the grass). About two and a half hours after the shooting, Dealey Plaza witness John Martin came across the mark on the manhole cover concrete (Trask 573). Researchers have noted that the photo of the mark indicates it did NOT come from the TSBD, but that it does line up with the County Records Building (where a 30.06 rifle shell casing was years later found on the roof).
Just after President Kennedy’s limousine passed the front steps of the TSBD, five witnesses saw a bullet strike the pavement on Elm Street near the right rear of the limousine. Witnesses saw this bullet kick up concrete toward the car (Weisberg 187-189; cf. Posner 324; Moore 198).
Within a day or two of the assassination, Dallas resident Eugene Aldredge saw a dug-out, four-inch-long bullet mark in the middle of the sidewalk on the north side of Elm Street, which is the side nearest the TSBD. Aldredge did not tell the FBI about the mark until shortly after the release of the Warren Commission Report because he assumed that the mark had been noticed by law enforcement officials. When he realized that the mark had been “overlooked”, he immediately contacted the FBI (Weisberg 383-390). Aldredge related to the FBI that Carl Freund, a reporter for the Dallas Morning News, had also identified the mark as a bullet mark. Less than a week later, Aldredge took a friend to see the mark, but found that it had been filled in “with what appeared to be a mixture of concrete and asbestos”.
In its report, the FBI admitted to locating it and described it as being approximately 4 inches long, 1/2 inch wide, and “dug out”. The FBI dismissed the significance of the mark because, explained the Bureau, it could not have been made by a shot from the window from which Oswald allegedly fired.
Jack Ruby, born Jacob Rubenstein in Chicago in 1911, had been a runner for Al Capone in the late 1920s. Ruby’s mob-related activities continued when he moved down to Dallas in 1947. The Chicago mob had attempted to bribe the Dallas Sheriff and take over gambling, prostitution and other vices in Dallas. Ruby was to run these criminal activities and serve as liaison to the Chicago underworld.
In 1952, Ruby and to other associates purchased the Bob Wills Ranch House and renamed it the Vegas Club. In 1959, Ruby and another associate purchased a private club in the heart of downtown Dallas and a year later it was renamed the Carousel Club and began to feature striptease shows. During this period, Ruby became an informant for the FBI, a fact kept well hidden from the American people for ten years. The Warren Commission denied Ruby’s strong organized crime ties despite overwhelming evidence. A later congressional investigation confirmed them, however.
Julius Hardie, an employee of a Dallas electrical equipment company, was going east on Commerce Street near Dealey Plaza’s triple underpass the morning of November 22, and noticed three men on top of the overpass, two of whom were carrying “long guns”. Hardie called the authorities after the assassination and was visited by two FBI agents, but never heard from them again and the FBI has no record of such a report.
At 10:50 AM on November 22, twenty-three year old Julia Ann Mercer, driving west on Elm Street, enters Dealey Plaza. As she passes the Texas School Book Depository, heading towards the triple underpass, an illegally parked pickup truck is blocking traffic in the right lane with its right wheels on the sidewalk. While Mercer is behind the truck waiting to pass, she observes a white male wearing a plaid shirt stepping out of the passenger side and walking around the to the truck’s side-mounted tool boxes, where he removes what appears to be a rifle wrapped in paper and proceeds to walk up the grassy knoll toward the picket fence. Finally, upon being able to pass the truck, she locks eyes with the driver. Later that day, Mercer gives an affidavit at the Dallas County Sheriff’s office where she was interrogated for several hours by uniformed officers and plainclothed personnel whom she assumed to be federal agents. Early the next morning, FBI agents came to her apartment, requesting that she accompany them back to the Sheriff’s office, where she is shown approximately a dozen photographs. She selects two that matched the men she had seen at the truck, but was given no information about their identities. The next day, after viewing television coverage of the Oswald shooting, she immediately identified Ruby as the driver and Oswald as the man with the rifle – the same men she had identified from the pictures. When this came up before the Warren Commission, Secret Service Agent Forrest Sorrells testified that he decided not to investigate the claim because “I had gotten information that the rifle had been found in the building and shells and so forth”.
At 11:03 AM on November 22, six members of the President’s cabinet leave Honolulu for Japan, after a nine-hour conference the day before on Vietnam. The group had decided to step up military operations against Communist insurgents, in direct conflict with the presidential decision to reduce troop strength in Vietnam. It is highly unusual for so many members of the cabinet to be away from the nation’s capital at one time.
At noon on November 22, Jack Ruby was seen at the Dallas Morning News building, four blocks south of Dealey Plaza. He used this sighting as evidence of his whereabouts at the time of the shooting, but reporter Hugh Aynesworth told the FBI that “Ruby was seen there…but was missed for a period of abut twenty to twenty-five minutes”. Shortly after Ruby was missed, people began arriving with news of the assassination.
Railroad supervisor Lee Bowers Jr., from his position in a railroad tower behind Dealey Plaza’s wooden fence, observes three strange out-of-state cars cruise slowly in and out of his area. Each automobile is driven by a white male, one of whom appears to be talking on a hand-held microphone.
Ed Hoffman, off work for a dental appointment, realizes he’s near the motorcade route and stops his car on Stemmons Freeway west of the triple underpass at Dealey Plaza, in hopes of seeing the president. From his vantage point on the elevated highway, he is able to see the area behind the wooden fence, and notices two men standing a few feet apart, looking over the fence, one of them wearing a suit. As a deaf-mute who relies completely on sight and is undistracted by sounds, he notices every detail. He also sees a light green Rambler station wagon drive into the lot behind the fence.
Carolyn Walther, on her lunch break from a nearby dress factory, is standing in a position catty-cornered to the Texas School Book Depository in front of the Dallas County Records Building. She sees two men, one holding a rifle, in the southwesternmost window of the Depository’s sixth floor. High-schooler Arnold Rowland, a few feet south of Walther, also notices the rifleman in that window (which is on the other end of the street facade from Oswald’s alleged perch). Meanwhile, unemployed steelworker Richard Carr is job hunting on the seventh floor of the new courthouse building at the corner of Houston and Commerce, just southeast of Dealey Plaza, and also notices two men on the sixth floor of the Book Depository.
Five minutes before the shooting, C. L. Bronson sees an ambulance arriving to pick up 23-year-old newspaper employee Jerry Belnap, who had fainted, and records the commotion with his home movie camera, capturing what appears to be the movement of two or possibly three people in the easternmost sixth floor Depository windows. Bronson’s film is never analyzed by the authorities.
At 12:25 PM, Depository employee Carolyn Arnold sees Oswald in the second floor lunchroom (though her testimony is changed in the official report). At 12:29, the only employee on the second floor of the Depository, Geneva Hine, notices the electrical power and telephone system go dead. The Dallas police radio system’s channel one, reserved for officers participating in security of the president, is suddenly out of service.
At 12:30 PM, shots rang out at Dealey Plaza as the president’s motorcade slows down passing the Depository. Pipe fitter Howard Brennan and 15-year-old Amos Euins, from their positions on the south side of Elm Street opposite the Depository, see a man fire from the sixth floor easternmost window (the other end of the facade from Oswald’s alleged position). S. M. Holland, railroad track and signal supervisor, along with several fellow employees, is standing on the triple overpass overlooking Elm Street. Each sees a puff of smoke from the area of the wooden fence, as does Lee Bowers in the nearby railroad tower. Cheryl McKinnon, a college journalism major planning to write about the president’s visit, standing on the north side of Elm Street, and school teacher Jean Hill, positioned opposite her across Elm, each witness the smoke from the area of the fence. Ed Hoffman, from his vantage point on Stemmons Freeway, watches the “suit man” fire a rifle over the fence toward the approaching motorcade.
Dress manufacturer Abraham Zapruder, from his position atop a low concrete pedestal located on the north side of Elm Street near the wooden fence, records the president’s assassination on his home movie camera. He hears shots coming from in back of him, and watches in horror as the president’s head explodes in a shower of blood and brain matter and sees him slammed violently backwards and to the left. This movement, estimated to be between 80 and 100 feet per second, is consistent with a shot from the fence to Kennedy’s front right, not from behind from the Depository.
Nightclub singer Beverly Oliver is standing on the south side of Elm Street across from the wooden fence and films the entire assassination with her 8mm camera. She also observes a puff of smoke from the fence. Her film, however, was confiscated by men identifying themselves as government agents and disappeared. It would have offered the most comprehensive coverage of the entire assassination, scanning the Depository and the wooden fence at the precise times of the shots.
In all, 277 of the more than 700 witnesses to the shooting have been identified. 107 of these 277 have given their statements as to the origin of the shots that killed the president. Seventy-five percent, or 77 of those 107, reported seeing at least one shot from president’s right front – the area of the wooden fence.
The witness perhaps best situated to testify to a shot from the fence was infantryman Gordon Arnold, on leave after completing basic training, and in Dealey Plaza in uniform to film the President’s motorcade from what he thought would be the best vantage – on the railroad overpass over Elm Street. To get there, he walked behind the wooden fence on the grassy knoll, but was stopped by a man in a suit wearing a sidearm who identified himself as Secret Service and ordered Arnold to leave. Moving to the other side of the fence at the top of the knoll, he began filming with the fence just three feet behind him. As the President’s limousine turned down Elm Street, Arnold felt a bullet zip over his shoulder past his left ear and then heard the report of the gunshot “just like I was standing there under the muzzle”. Arnold dropped to the ground and felt a second bullet whiz by over his head, just as he had during live fire exercises in basic training. Two uniformed policemen appeared, one of them carrying a long gun and with dirty hands, ordered him to get up and demanded his movie film. Gordon Arnold was so frightened by the experience that he didn’t speak about this until 1978.
[In 1990, the son of deceased Dallas Police Officer Roscoe White, reported that his father’s diary described his role in the assassination at the Grassy Knoll fence with a Mauser 7.65 rifle, and that White had also confiscated a military man’s film and later shot Officer Tippet.]
Building engineer J. C. Price is on the roof of the Terminal Annex Building on the south side of Dealey Plaza, and sees a man run from the area behind the wooden fence with something in his right hand and “running very fast”.
Richard Carr, still on the seventh floor of the new courthouse building, watches as two men run from behind the Depository, enter a waiting Rambler station wagon and speed off north on Houston Street. Meanwhile, teacher Jean Hill, who has just seen the president’s head explode just a few feet in front of her, notices a man running from the area of the wooden fence (in her Warren Commission testimony, she would state that the man looked like Jack Ruby). She quickly crosses the street in pursuit, but a man identifying himself as a Secret Service agent stops her, and takes from her coat pocket all the Polaroid pictures of the motorcade (and the grassy knoll) that her friend Mary Moorman had just taken from across Elm Street. Hill is one of several witnesses who encountered men producing Secret Service identification in that area.
Five other witnesses also noticed the green Rambler station wagon. One of them, Helen Forrest was on the grassy knoll when she “saw a man suddenly run from the rear of the Depository building, down the incline, and then enter a Rambler station wagon”. “If it wasn’t Oswald”, she said, “it was his identical twin”. Another, whose testimony was later dismissed, was Deputy Sheriff Roger Craig who ran to the grassy knoll after hearing the rifle shots, where he saw a white male in his twenties, whom he later identified as Lee Harvey Oswald, run down the knoll and get into a waiting light green Rambler station wagon. It was also learned that a light green Rambler wagon was owned by Marina Oswald’s host Ruth Paine.
Several feet west of Jean Hill, mail-service owner Malcolm Summers drops to the ground as the shots ring out. Crossing Elm Street to the area of the wooden fence, he’s stopped by a man in a suit with an overcoat over his arm. The man reveals a small automatic weapon under the overcoat and tells Summers “Don’t you’all come up here any further. You could get shot”.
Dallas policeman Joe Smith is directing traffic at the intersection of Elm and Houston at the time of the shooting. Believing that the shots came from the area of the wooden fence or overpass, he races past the Depository and, with his gun drawn, also comes face-to-face with a man who identifies himself as Secret Service. Moments later, Police Sergeant D. V. Harkness, while assisting in sealing off the area, observes several “well-armed” men dressed in suits who tell him they are with the Secret Service. Officer Smith immediately noticed the smell of gunpowder in the air at the fence, and later realized that the man with Secret Service credentials, with dirty fingernails, looked more “like an auto mechanic”.
The official record firmly establishes that none of the 28 Secret Service agents present in Dallas that day were ever on foot in Dealey Plaza before, during, or immediately following the shots. All of the agents in the motorcade continued to Parkland Hospital and only one returned to the area later in the afternoon.
Still on the Stemmons Freeway overpass, Ed Hoffman continues to watch as the rifleman behind the wooden fence runs westward, passes the weapon to another man, then turns and walks calmly in the opposite direction. The man taking the weapon quickly breaks it down, places it in a case, and proceeds slowly northward along the railroad tracks and disappears. The “suit man” is then confronted by a policeman holding a revolver, seems to show some ID, and then gets into the green Rambler station wagon which drives out the north side of the book depository and turns right on Houston Street.
Sergeant Tom Tilson, an off-duty Dallas policeman, and his daughter are in his car just west of the triple underpass a few minutes after the shooting. They watch as a man in dark clothing comes down the railroad embankment to a black automobile, throws something in the back seat, hurries around to the front, gets in the car and speeds off westward. Thinking this suspicious, they pursue the vehicle but lose it in traffic. Tilson later says the man looked and dressed like Jack Ruby.
At 12:31 PM, building superintendent Roy Truly and policeman M. L. Baker rush into the Depository immediately after the shots, and encounter Oswald in the second floor lunchroom drinking a Coke. It has been approximately 90 seconds since the last shot was fired, and Oswald appears calm and unafraid.
At 12:33 PM, a breakdown in the telephone system in the nation’s capital occurs and is not restored for almost an hour.
A short time later, aboard the military aircraft carrying six members of the president’s cabinet to Japan, a teletype message reports that shots have been fired at the president. With specific procedures for such an emergency, officials attempted to reach the White House Situation Room, but were prevented from doing so because the official code book was missing from its special place on the plane.
At 1:30 PM, after the president had been declared dead and was about to be illegally removed from Parkland Hospital before an autopsy could be performed as required by Texas law (killing a president was not then a federal offense), Veteran newsman Seth Kantor, radioman Roy Stamps and housewife Wilma Tice all see Jack Ruby in the hospital. Both Kantor and Stamps have known Ruby for many years (in testimony before the Warren Commission, Ruby denied being there and the Commission chose to believe him).
At 1:45 PM, hospital engineer Darrel Thomlinson discovers an intact bullet on a stretcher and turns it over to hospital security director O. P. Wright, who then attempts to turn over custody to an FBI agent, who refuses to accept it. Wright gives it, instead, to Secret Service agent Richard Johnson. Both Tomlinson and Wright, when later shown a bullet alleged to be the one they found, were unable to identify it, as was both Agent Johnson who received it and Secret Service Chief James Rowley to whom he gave it. This bullet, defying all logic and all rules of evidence, was to become the “magic bullet” that proved the loan gunman theory.
The “magic bullet” theory goes like this: The bullet strikes the president in the upper back near his spine, changes from its 20° downward trajectory from the 6th floor window of the Book Depository to exit his throat just below the Adam’s apple, then pauses in mid-air to turn right, then left, then downward to enter Governor Connally’s back below the right shoulder blade near the armpit, continues through his chest, shattering his fifth rib below his right nipple, then enters his forearm near the wrist, splintering the large radius bone, exits his arm and embeds itself into Connolly’s left thigh, and finally dislodges itself, clean of any trace of blood or tissue, and in near-perfect condition buries itself into the mat of an emergency room stretcher (later to be discovered after Jack Ruby was seen in the hospital). The perfection of the bullet was also inconsistent with the bullet fragments removed from Governor Connally’s wrist.
A bronze casket was wheeled into Trauma Room 1 by two employees of the Oneal Funeral Home, and Dr. Charles Crenshaw, surgical resident at Parkland Hospital, followed them into the room and helped lift Kennedy’s body, wrapped in two sheets, into the coffin. When the body arrived at Bethesda Naval Hospital for autopsy, two eyewitnesses, laboratory technologists James Jenkins and Paul O’Connor, swore that the body arrived zipped in a gray body bag inside a different coffin and that the brain was missing.
Dr. Crenshaw, the last physician to have seen Kennedy’s body before it left Parkland Hospital, years later felt dismay that the Bethesda autopsy pictures showed a reconstructed scalp and an “enlarged and mangled” wound in the front of the throat, making it appear to be an exit rather than entrance wound, and the rear head avulsion appear as an entrance wound rather than the exit wound that all of the 44 medical witnesses between the two facilities had seen.
Early afternoon, before any identification was made as to the alleged killer of the president, police officers swarm a public library in the Oak Cliffs section of Dallas, near where both Oswald and Ruby live and known to have been frequented by Oswald, but discover “it was the wrong man”, raising a question about whether they already knew who the “right man” was.
At 1:40 PM, Oswald enters the Texas Theater in the Oak Cliffs section of town. At 1:50, Oswald is arrested after a struggle in the theater, following the arrival of several police cars containing about fifteen officers, FBI agents Robert Barrett and Bardwell Odum, as well as Dallas Assistant District Attorney Bill Alexander – all to capture an unknown man suspected of entering the theater without paying. A man sitting near the front of the theater tells officer M. N. McDonald “The man you want is sitting in the third row from the rear”. Three witnesses hear police officers saying they got the man who killed the president and officer Tippit. One witness to the arrest, George Applin, also notices Jack Ruby inside the theater (perhaps the man who pointed out Oswald?).
AT 1:57 PM, Lee Bowers, still at his position in the railroad tower near Dealey Plaza, reports to Dallas officers that a man is hiding in an open railroad car. Several officers arrive and, with guns drawn, apprehend three men, who were taken to the nearby Sheriff’s office and later turned over to Captain Will Fritz of the Dallas Police Department – but no official record exists of their having been questioned.
At 6:00 PM, WFAA radio and television reporter Victor Robertson Jr. is in a hall outside the door to Captain Fritz’s third floor office where Oswald is being held, when he sees Jack Ruby attempt to enter, but stopped by one of the two officers guarding the door, who says “You can’t go in there Jack”. Oswald is brought into four separate line-ups during the evening and identified by various witnesses.
When Oswald is asked where he was when Kennedy was shot, he tells the police that he was in the Book Depository, eating lunch on the second floor.
At 8:55 PM, three crime lab technicians take paraffin casts of Oswald’s hands and right cheek to test for gunpowder residue. The tests come up positive for his hands but negative for his cheek, suggesting he may have shot a handgun, but not a rifle.
At 9:30 PM, an attendant at Nichol’s Parking Garage next door to Ruby’s Carousel Club, receives a call from Jack Ruby, asking that the attendant lend five dollars to one of his strippers, Little Lynn, stating that he’ll reimburse him when he shows up later. The attendant complies, even though this is the first time Ruby’s ever made such a request, but asks the stripper to sign a small piece of paper as a receipt. Thirty minutes to an hour later, Ruby arrives at the garage and reimburses the attendant, but also asks him to time stamp the receipt in the garage’s time clock. The receipt is stamped “1963 Nov 23 PM 10:30”. Ruby leaves the garage and heads toward City Hall.
In a nearly identical way, two days later, Ruby drove to the Western Union office to wire $25 to one of his dancers so that he’d have a time-stamped record of his whereabouts, and then went to City Hall as Oswald was being transferred, in front of the media, from the city to the country jail to be ready for trial.
At 11:20 PM, Oswald is taken from his jail cell for a final line-up and then to a press conference. Jack Ruby shows up for the event, with the time-stamped ticket as if it was to be used for an alibi against premeditation if he managed to shoot Oswald that night. Ruby stands on a table in the back of the room with a loaded gun in his pocket. Oswald is asked by a reporter “Did you kill the President?” Oswald replied, “I have not been charged with that. In fact, nobody has said this to me yet”.
At 1:35 AM on November 23, 1963, according to police reports, Oswald is arraigned for the murder of the President before Justice of the Peace David Johnston. Oswald had been arraigned hours earlier for the murder of Officer Tippit. But an FBI document states “No arraignment of the murder charges in connection with the death of President Kennedy was held inasmuch as such arraignment was not necessary in view of the previous charges filed against Oswald and for which he was arraigned”.
At 12:35 PM and again at 6:00 PM Oswald is shown the soon-to-be famous picture of himself holding a rifle and Communist newspapers with a revolver on his hip. The second viewing was of an enlargement and Oswald denied it was him, as the “face is mine” but the body is not.
At 11:21 AM on November 24, as a handcuffed Oswald was being led to a waiting car, Ruby suddenly lunged forward and fired a single bullet into the prisoner’s abdomen. Millions saw the shooting on live television, and police wrestled Ruby to the floor as he shouted, “You all know me. I’m Jack Ruby”.
At 11:30 AM, Dallas Police Lieutenant Billy Grammar, is sleeping off his all-night shift when he’s suddenly awakened by his wife to tell him that a man named Jack Ruby just shot Lee Harvey Oswald. Then a face appears to match the familiar voice he had heard on the phone warning him that Oswald would be shot, as he had spoken with Ruby just a week before.
At 11:32 AM, Lee Harvey Oswald was delivered to Parkland Hospital and prepped for surgery, with three bottles of blood and fluid pouring in to his extremities. His abdomen was opened up and the surgical team found that the single bullet had ruptured the aorta, the vena cava, shattered the spleen, and slashed through the stomach, pancreas, kidney, and liver. Three liters of blood spilled out on the floor. As major bleeding was brought under control, Dr. Charles Crenshaw, the head of the surgical team, was called out to take a call. A voice on the other end said “This is President Lyndon Johnson. How is the accused assassin?” Johnson stated “I want a deathbed confession. There’s a man in the operating room who will take the statement. I will expect full cooperation in this matter”. There was, in fact, a large unknown man in scrubs standing in the operating room with a gun in his back pocket. Soon afterward, Oswald’s heart failed and Dr. Crenshaw told the man with the gun “There won’t be any deathbed confession today”. The man disappeared as silently as he had arrived and was never seen again. The surgical team opened Oswald’s chest and attempted to restart the heart, but he was pronounced dead at 1:07 PM.
With Oswald’s death, the great cover-up became official, and the Coup d’Etat was complete.
by Robert Riversong: may be reproduced with attribution for non-commercial purposes
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